One of the most beautiful architectural monuments of Belgrade, the building of “Belgrade Cooperative” is still waiting to be reconstructed. The building was declared a cultural monument and protected by law. It’s located in “Karadjordjeva” Street, which will be restored in the entire reconstruction of the former Savamala area, as well as the construction of a future project named “Belgrade on the River.” Building of the “Belgrade Cooperative” was built between the 1905 -1907.

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“Belgrade Cooperative for mutual help and savings”, was actually the full name of the joint stock company founded in 1882. It was designed for small and medium traders, artisans and clerks. There’s Department of Banking and Insurance Department, which represented the first domestic insurance company, formed in 1897. The president of the Cooperative was Luka Ćelović, one of the richest men in the early 20 century in Serbia. He was a merchant, landlord, financier and a leading Serbian benefactor, and he made the “Belgrade Cooperative”  one of the most successful Serbian companies. Luka was the cooperative president until his death in the 1929  and his entire property was bequeathed to the University of Belgrade.


When it comes to the building, angled three-winged palace was built of reinforced concrete, which is the most advanced technique at that time. It is adorned with artistically worked stone sculptures and ornaments designed by the known artist Franjo Valdman. This is the first building in Belgrade with representative hall with a monumental staircase, the German sculptures, ceremonial hall, all of which were the works of Andrea Domenica and Bora Kovačević.

The building is a joint work by the authors (architects Andre Stevanović and Nikola Nestorović) and an excellent example of a modern anthology of Serbian architecture. After the World War II it was the seat of several institutions but remains just “Geozavod”.


The architectural style represents  home of a double symbols. In the early 20th century, when foundations of this building were built, Serbia was a young country demanding style in architecture. A new spirit of innovations was present at the time, using new technologies and materials as  reinforced concrete, wide glass areas, sections in wrought iron. Serbian architectural culture tended to create its own Serbian architectural style. Demetrius Leko was a harbinger of the flow, also Stevanović’s and Nestorović’s signatures are present on the construction paper. The  Stevanovnić – Nestorović tandem already proved their talent  in 1902  designing the building of the “Administration funds” –  today it’s a building of the “National Museum” at Republic Square, but the Belgrade Cooperative remains their most imposing work.

The interior is characterized by representative three monumental staircase. The luxurious counter hall on the mezzanine level is reachable by a central arc and from here two side arcs reach the first floor and the reception and conference hall.

Stylistically – the eclectic building belongs to Baroque and Art Nouveau. In short, the building of Belgrade Cooperative is aesthetically well resolved and it dominates not just the small crossroads of several streets but the whole environment.

geozavod interior

Photos: Ole Brodersen

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4 Responses

  1. Yva Koren

    Izuzetno zainteresovana za iznajmljivanje nekoliko prostorija u nizu!
    Za maj ili juni ovog proleca.2-3 nedelje.

    Potreban prostor tog tipa za izlozbu Klavdija Slubana:” Srecni dani na ostrvima ocaja ( Kerguelen )u organizaciji moje “Galerie nomade et anachronique”(lutajuce i anahronicne). Slike su veoma zapazene na prvom javnom prikazivanju na Festivalu Fotografije u Arlesu,Fr. Videti

    Kome treba da se obratim? Hvala za uspostavljanje kontakta Yva Koren

    • Christine C.

      Cao, slike su pozajmljene od fotografa, ne znam kome mozete da se obratite, ali pitajte Mikser festival, mozda oni mogu da vam pomognu.


  2. Herbert Wright

    What a strange fate the Geozavod has had, becoming a marketing suite for Eagle Hills’ Belgrade Waterfront plans. Whatever you may think of those plans, it must be said that they have done an attractive restoration. How authentic is it? Were local historians consulted? Where did the archives and the few objects in the photos go to? If it now seems too clean, a whitewash even, that’s partially because it’s so fresh. But better this way than falling into ruin…
    The next question is, what will happen to Geozavod after its current use? It needs something more than slick developers’ presentations and the passing, curious crowds to really bring the place back to life. I would be interested to hear what Serbians think.


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